29 November 2011

e-conservaton magazine 22 (2011)

Title: e-conservation
Issue: 22
Pages: 86
Year: 2011
Link: http://www.e-conservationline.com/...

Table of Contents:

The Nomad Conservator

By Rui Bordalo

News & Views

Intangible Cultural Heritage and Rise of the Meme

By Daniel Cull

On Some Problems of the Relationship Between Science and Conservation

By António João Cruz

Historic Conservation Project Begins at “Machu Picchu of the North”

By Global Heritage Fund


Conservation Matters in Wales

Review by Johanna Sandström

Microscopy and Microanalysis Applications in Cultural Heritage Research

Review by Ana Bidarra


Review by Teodora Poiata

ICOM-CC 16th Triennial Conference

Review by Rui Bordalo


The External Ion Beam Facility in Portugal for Studying Cultural Heritage

By Victoria Corregidor, Luís Cerqueira Alves, Paula Alexandra Rodrigues, Márcia Vilarigues, Rui C. Silva

The Contribution of Transmitted Infrared Imaging to Non-Invasive Study of Canvas Paintings at the National Gallery – Alexandros Soutzos Museum, Greece

By Anna Moutsatsou, Dimitra Skapoula, Michael Doulgeridis

Chinese Islamic Scrolls: a Conservation Case Study

By Aristoteles Sakellariou, Lalit Kumar Pathak, Siti Yuhainizar Mohd Ismail

Conservation Intervention of Vernacular Architectures: Two Case Studies in Calabria, Italy

By Alessia Bianco

28 September 2011

e-conservation 21 (2011)

Title: e-conservation
Issue: 21
Pages: 90
Year: 2011
Link: http://www.e-conservationline.com/...



On continual learning
By Rui Bordalo

Restoration, Reality, and Life Behind the ‘Velvet Rope’
By Daniel Cull

Business Management Education in the Conservation Community
By Sarah Lowengard

New Approaches on Book and Paper Conservation-Restoration
Review by Penelope Banou

NESAT XI - Conference of the Northern European Symposium of Ancient Textiles
Review by Annette Paetz gen. Schieck and Sylvia Mitschke

Outdoor Wall Paintings, Material and Techniques
Review by Mirjam Jullien and Johanna Nessow

Preservation of Archaeological Remains in Situ (PARIS 4)
Review by Mike Corfield and Jim William

University Training of Restoration within the European Educational Context
Review by Luboš Machacko

Characterization of Natural and Synthetic Dyes Employed in the Manufacture of Chinese Garment Pieces by C-DAD and LC-DAD-QTOF
By Estrella Sanz Rodríguez, Angela Arteaga Rodríguez, María Antonia García and Rodríguez Carmen Cámara

An Innovative Stretcher for Canvas Paintings
By Osama M. El-Feky

Deterioration and Rates of Weathering of the Monumental Rock Inscriptions
at Wadi Hammamat, Egypt

By Hesham Abbas Kmally

Sustainability in the Preservation of Cultural Heritage through Education Training
in Wood Conservation and Restoration in Malta

By Ninette Sammut

27 September 2011

Thesis: Varnishes from historical musical instruments (2010)

Title: Characterization of the varnishes from historical musical instruments
Author: Francesco Caruso
University: University of Palermo
Type of document: PhD
Year: 2010
Link: http://box.net/... (pdf, 9.1 Mb)

Note: download with permission of the author.


The characterization of materials such as glues, paints, pigments, binders and varnishes used to create artworks, continues to provide art historians and conservators with precious information. Such a knowledge enables restoration and conservation processes to be carried out properly without causing any damage to the original artefacts and also helps to understand the techniques used by the artists. The varnishing of musical instruments has been an interesting debating point since the end of the 19th century for lute-makers and industries focused onto the (re)production of high quality instruments. To date, there is considerable scientific interest in recovering the original formulations (the secrets of the old masters) and transferring such knowledge to restorers, conservators, lute-makers and musicologists. Ample scientific efforts have been made to identify the organic and the inorganic portions of the surface layers of several historical stringed instruments, although the interest has mainly been focused on North-Italian ones. This doctoral dissertation is devoted to the use of a non standard multianalytical method for the characterization of the varnish of a selection of historical stringed musical instruments from the "Musical Instruments Museum" in Brussels and the "Vincenzo Bellini" Conservatory in Palermo. A series of non-destructive and micro-destructive instrumental techniques was applied for obtaining information about the composition of the varnishes of the instruments. Particular attention was given to the implementation of a Curie Point Pyrolysis Gas Chromatography coupled with Mass Spectrometry methodology for the study of the organic portions of the micro-samples without any special pre-treatment. This is the first systematic scientific work on the art works of such collections and one of the few in the field of chemical sciences applied to the conservation of historical musical instruments.

Table of contents (short version):

1. Introduction
1.1. History of the collection of the \Vincenzo Bellini" Conservatory in Palermo
1.2. History of the \Musical Instruments Museum" in Brussels
1.3. Scientific studies on the varnish of historical musical instruments
1.4. The analysed instruments and their labels
2. Experimental
2.1. Non destructive techniques
2.2. Micro-destructive techniques
3. Results and discussion
3.1. Non destructive techniques
3.2. Micro-destructive techniques
4. Conclusions
A. XRF results on the instruments from the "Musical Instruments Museum" in Brussels
B. FTIR spectra and band assignments of reference materials
C. Scientific activity

27 July 2011

Tracking Colour - Preliminary Report 2 (2010)

Title: Tracking Colour. The polychromy of Greek and Roman sculpture in the Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek. Preliminary Report 2
Editor: Jan Stubbe Østergaard and the Copenhagen Polychromy Network
Publisher: Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek & the Copenhagen Polychromy Network
Year: 2010
Pages: 88
ISSN: 1904-1888
Link: http://www.glyptoteket.dk/... (PDF , 3.79 Mb)

From the Preface:
This report is a preliminary account of the 2010 activities of the NCG/CPN ‘Tracking Colour’ project. It offers an overview of salient aspects of developments in 2010, ending on a very happy note: an application to the Carlsberg Foundation for funding of a two-year prolongation of the project, from June 1st, 2011, has met with success. [...]

Table of Contents (short version):

‘Tracking Colour’ in 2010, Jan Stubbe Østergaard


The Technical Investigation of Sculptural Polychromy at the Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek 2009–2010 – An Outline, Maria Louise Sargent and Rikke Hoberg Therkildsen

Research on Ancient Sculptural Polychromy with Focus on a 2nd Century CE Marble Amazon, Maria Louise Sargent and Rikke Hoberg Therkildsen

The Sciarra Amazon Investigation: Some Archaeological Comments, Jan Stubbe Østergaard


Tracking Colour Online: Managing and Sharing the Digital Assets of the NCG/CPN Project, Amalie Skovmøller

Tracking Colour - Preliminary Report 1 (2009)

Title: Tracking Colour. The polychromy of Greek and Roman sculpture in the Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek. Preliminary Report 1
Editor: Jan Stubbe Østergaard and the Copenhagen Polychromy Network
Publisher: Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek & the Copenhagen Polychromy Network
Year: 2009
Pages: 98
ISSN: 1904-1888
Link: http://www.glyptoteket.dk/... (PDF , 3.79 Mb)

From the Preface:
From 2004 to 2008, the Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek and the Copenhagen Polychromy Network (CPN) carried out a Pilot Project in the museum’s collection of Greek and Roman sculpture. In June 2008 we started the so-called Main Project which will run until 2011. The first phase of visual examination began in January 2009 and lasted until this summer. Some provisional results of these activities are published in this first Preliminary Report. The Report also contains an introduction to the CPN and outlines of both the Pilot Project and the Main Project. The protocol followed in visual examination and documentation is not the subject of a separate article, but is presented instead as applied in practise. [...]

Table of Contents:

Introducing the Copenhagen Polychromy Network, Jan Stubbe Østergaard

The Copenhagen Polychromy Network pilot project 2004–2008

The CPN Pilot Project: a brief introduction and evaluation, Jan Stubbe Østergaard

Investigating the polychromy of a Classical Attic Greek marble female head NCG IN 2830, Mikkel Scharff, Rebecca Hast, Nicoline Kalsbeek, Jan Stubbe Østergaard

Preliminary results from geochemical analysis of pigments on ancient Greek & Roman marble sculptures, Minik T. Rosing and Jan Stubbe Østergaard

Raman spectroscopy characterization of colored pigments in archaeological materials, Rolf W. Berg

The Copenhagen Polychromy Network main project 2008–2011

The CPN Main Project 2008–2011: an outline, Jan Stubbe Østergaard

Documentation and investigation of traces of colour on the Archaic Sphinx NCG IN 1203, Maria Louise Sargent, Lin Rosa Spaabek, Mikkel Scharff, Jan Stubbe Østergaard

Copyright and Cultural Institutions (2009)

Title: Copyright and Cultural Institutions: Guidelines for Digitization for U.S. Libraries, Archives, and Museums
Editor: Peter B. Hirtle, Emily Hudson, and Andrew T. Kenyon
Publisher: Cornell University Library Press
Year: 2009
Pages: 275
Link: http://ssrn.com/... (PDF , 2.04 Mb)

Digital communications technologies have led to fundamental changes in the ways that cultural institutions fulfil their public missions of access, preservation, research, and education. Institutions are developing publicly-accessible websites in which users can visit online exhibitions, search collection databases, access images of collection items, and in some cases create their own digital content. Digitization, however, also raises the possibility of copyright infringement. “Copyright and Digitization” aims to assist understanding and compliance with copyright law across libraries, archives, and museums. It discusses the exclusive rights of the copyright owner, the major exemptions used by cultural heritage institutions, and stresses the importance of “risk assessment” when conducting any digitization project. It also includes two cases studies, examining digitizing oral histories and student work. As well as free availability here, print copies are available for purchase via createspace.

Table of Contents (short version):

1. Introduction
2. Copyright Fundamentals
3. Duration and Ownership of Copyright
4. Exclusive Rights and Infringement
5. Fair Use and Other Exemptions
6. The Libraries and Archives Exemptions
7. Copyright Permissions and Licenses
8. Locating Copyright Owners
9. Other Types of Intellectual Property, Contracts, and Jurisdictional Issues
10. Risk Management: How to Digitize Safely
11. Case Study 1: Interviews and Oral Histories
12. Case Study 2: Dissertations, Theses, and Student Papers

26 July 2011

reSOLUTION Newsletter on Art Restoration (2009)

Issue: 4
Pages: 28
Year: 2009
Download: http://www.leica-microsystems.com/... [english version, pdf, 3.67 Mb]
http://www.leica-microsystems.com/... [german version, pdf, 2.84 Mb]

Table of contents:

The Princely Collections of Liechtenstein

Revealing the Secrets of a 17th Century Masterpiece

Danish Scientists Research Colour in Antique Sculptures
A Look Inside the Restoration of Historic Photos

Stereomicroscope Reveals Destructive Work of Marine Sponge

Inclusions in Gemstones

17 July 2011

Access all Cambridge Journals for 6 weeks

The Cambridge University Press has made all articles published in Cambridge Journals in 2009 and 2010 free to access for 6 weeks, from 15th July until 30th August 2011.

To access simply visit http://cup.msgfocus.com/c/14O5jRLHAieLJyqkrY

* All Cambridge Journals are free to access for 6 weeks
* No need to register

16 July 2011

e-conservation 20 (2011)

Title: e-conservation
Issue: 20
Pages: 94
Year: 2011
Link: http://www.e-conservationline.com/...



By Rui Bordalo


By Daniel Cull

By Christabel Blackman

By Barry Mayhew


Review by Mary Virginia Orna

Review by Jaap van der Burg

Review by Ana Bidarra and Ana Guilherme


By Betlem Martínez, Trinidad Pasíes and Maria Amparo Peiró

By Carmen Bermúdez Sánchez, Giuseppe Cultrone, and Lucía Rueda Quero

By Maria Bostenaru

By Sofia Gomes

Removal of Damaging Conservation Treatments on Mural Paintings (2007)

Title: Removal of Damaging Conservation Treatments on Mural Paintings
Editor: Hélène Svahn Garreau
Publisher: Swedish National Heritage Board
Year: 2010
Pages: 72
Format: PDF (3.87 Mb)

From the Introduction:

The Swedish National Heritage Board held a two-day workshop named “Removal of Damaging Conservation Treatments on Mural Paintings” on November 2 and 3, 2007 at Österbybruk and Vendel. The workshop was sponsored by “FoU-medel” (R&D funds), distributed by the Swedish National Heritage Board and from “Syskonen Bothéns stiftelse” distributed by ”Nordiska konservatorförbundet Svenska sektionen” (NKF-S). This is the final report, which includes a summary of the presentations and discussions during the workshop.

Table of Contents (short version):

Introduction, Hélène Svahn Garreau

Biotechnological Approach for the Removal of Damaging Casein-Layer on Medieval Wall Paintings
, Sascha Beutel

German Experiments with Enzyme Reduction of Casein on Mural Paintings
, Kerstin Klein

Nanoscience for the Conservation of Cultural Heritage
, Piero Baglioni

The Conservation of the Mural Paintings in Vendel
, Ragnhild Claesson and Hélène Svahn Garreau

Problems with Casein Glue on Wall Paintings Transferred to Canvas
, Isabelle Brajer

Removal of Undesirable Compounds from Stone and Frescoes using Bacteria
, Francesca Cappitelli

Problems with Past Conservation Treatments on the Wall Church Paintings in Undløse
, Isabelle Brajer

14 June 2011

Biocolonization of Stone (2011)

Title: Biocolonization of Stone: Control and Preventive Methods: Proceedings from the MCI Workshop Series
Editors: Asuncion Elena Charola, Christopher McNamara, and Robert J. Koestler
Publisher: Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press
Year: 2011
Pages: 116
Format: PDF (14.95 Mb)

The Smithsonian Museum Conservation Institute Workshop on Biocolonization of Stone was the second workshop in a series and was dedicated to research on removal and control of biocolonization in stone objects. Twelve presentations were made, and the workshop ended with a roundtable discussion open to the 71 attendees. The goal was to provide a discussion forum for biologists, material scientists, and conservators interested in stone biodeterioration. Seven papers were presented, ranging from microbiological laboratory studies to combination of on-site testing and laboratory evaluation for World Heritage Sites such as Angkor Wat, to a literature overview. Five case studies were also presented, covering control of biodeterioration at Veterans Affairs cemeteries, experience gathered from the installation of zinc strips at the Stanford Mausoleum in San Francisco, the red staining found on the marble of the Memorial Amphitheater at Arlington National Cemetery, problems posed by deer stones in Mongolia, and the site test installed at San Ignacio Miní Jesuit mission in Misiones, Argentina. The roundtable and discussions drew attention to the importance of exploring new methods to prevent microbial colonization of stone. Finally, in a closed session, suggestions were offered for developing criteria to evaluate microbial growth and determine when treatment is necessary. It was recommended that a database be prepared on stone biocolonization and its control.

Table of contents:

Microbiological Studies on Stone Deterioration and Development of Conservation Measures at Angkor Wat
Thomas Warscheid and Hans Leisen

Microbial Community Diversity and the Complexity of Preserving Cultural Heritage
M. Carmen Portillo and Juan M. Gonzalez

Characterization of Bacterial Colonization of Stone at global and Local Scales
Christopher McNamara, Nick R. Konkol, Brandon P. Ross, and Ralph Mitchell

Methods to Prevent Biocolonization and Recolonization: An Overview of Current Research for Architectural and Archaeological Heritage
Ornella Salvadori and A. Elena Charola

New Environmentally Friendly Approaches against Biodeterioration of Outdoor Cultural Heritage
Francesca Cappitelli, Federica Villa, and Claudia Sorlini

Bioremediation of Algal Contamination on Stone
Eric May, Dania Zamarreño, Sarah Hotchkiss, Julian Mitchell, and Robert Inkpen

Recolonization of Marble Sculptures in a garden Environment
José Delgado Rodrigues, Marta Vale Anjos, and A. Elena Charola

Case Study: Red Staining on Marble
Claire Gervais, Carol Grissom, Christopher McNamara, Nick R. Konkol, and Ralph Mitchell

Case Study: Biocontrol Testing at the San Ignacio Miní Jesuit-guaraní Mission, Misiones, Argentina
Marcelo L. Magadán, Gisela M. A. Korth, Marcela L. Cedrola, and José L. Pozzobon

Case Study: Comparative Study of Commercially Available Cleaners for Use on Marble Veterans Affairs Headstones
Jason Church, Mary Striegel, Christopher McNamara, Kristen Bearce Lee, and Ralph Mitchell

Case Study: Deer Stones of Mongolia after Three Millennia
Paula T. DePriest and Harriet F. Beaubien

Case Study: Field Observations on the Effectiveness of Zinc Strips to Control Biocolonization of Stone
David P. Wessel

Discussions, Conclusions, and Recommendations
A. Elena Charola, Christopher McNamara, and Robert J. Koestler

25 April 2011

Stone Conservation: An Overview of Current Research (2010)

Title: Stone Conservation: An Overview of Current Research
Editors: Eric Doehne and C.A. Price
Publisher: The Getty Conservation Institute
Year: 2010 (2nd edition)
Pages: 175
Format: PDF (1.65 Mb)
Link: http://www.getty.edu/...

Table of contents:

Chapter 1. Stone Decay
Chapter 2. Putting It Right: Preventive and Remedial
Chapter 3. Do They Work? Assessing the Effectiveness of Treatments
Chapter 4. Putting It into Practice: Conservation Policy
Chapter 5. Heritage in Stone: Rock Art, Quarries, and Replacement Stone
Chapter 6. Doing Better: Increasing the Effectiveness of Research
Chapter 7. What Has Changed? Some Thoughts on the Past Fifteen Years
Appendix: Resources for Stone Conservation

26 February 2011

e-conservation 18 (2011)

Title: e-conservation
Issue: 18
Year: 2011
Download: http://www.e-conservationline.com/... (pdf, 8.53 Mb)

Table of Contents:

By Rui Bordalo

News & Views
By Daniel Cull

Review by Tomasz Kozielec

The Conference Series: “Das architektonische Erbe – zum aktuellen Umgang mit den Bauten der Moderne”
Review by Maria Bostenaru Dan


Upcoming Events: March - April 2011

By Christian Dietz, Gianluca Catanzariti and Alfredo Jimeno Martínez

By Cristina Cabello-Briones

By Lucian Cristian Ratoiu

By Daniela Cristina Pintilie

Preservation of Wax Moulages (2009)

Title: Recommendations for the Preservation of Wax moulages at Universities and Hospitals and in Museums and other Collections
Year: 2009
Pages: 31
Download: http://www.dhmd.de/... (pdf, 641 Kb)

From the Introduction:
These recommendations, drawn up within the framework of the project “Wax Moulages: A Valuable Handicraft Threatened with Extinction,” were formulated by an interdisciplinary group of experts from the fields of restoration and conservation, medicine and medical history, natural sciences, cultural studies, and curatorship.

Table of Contents:

Objective and Starting Point

I. Commentary
1. The survey
2. Preventive conservation
3. Active conservation
4. Restoration

II. Recommendations
Basic Requirements
1. The survey
2. Preventive conservation
2.1. Climate
2.2. Light
2.3. Storage
2.4. Use
2.5. Transport, packing, lending and temporary exhibition
3. Active conservation
3.1. Inclusion of all components of a moulage, various types of damage
3.2. Assigning Work and calling for bids
4. Restoration
4.1. PReservation of authenticity
4.2. Assigning Work and calling for bids
Appendix 1
Appendix 2